Conventional Highways
Long-Term Stationary Operations
(PATA 200 Series)

PATA 201 (Old PATA 24)
Work Space Beyond Shoulder

  1. Traffic control devices are not required if the work space is outside the highway right-of-way, behind barrier, more than 2'-0" behind curb, or 15' or more from the edge of the roadway.
  2. For divided highways and one-way highways where it is physically possible, advance warning signs should also be placed on the left-hand side of the roadway.
  3. When a shadow vehicle is not used, distance A is measured from sign to beginning of work space.

Signs

Sign Spacing Chart

Condition Distance
A B C F
  Feet Feet Feet Feet
Urban 35 MPH or Less 100 100 100 100
Urban Greater than 35MPH 350 350 350 350
Rural 500 500 500 500

When multiple distance plaques are used on advance warning signs, they shall all be of the same series type.

Example: either all "AHEAD" or XXX FEET.

Taper Length Formulas

S L
40MPH or Less L = WS2/60
45MPH or More L = WS

S = regulatory speed limit
W = Width of offset
L = Length

Distance and Spacing Quick Reference Chart

Speed W L 1/2 L 1/3 L Min. Channelizing Devices
Per Taper Type (Length)
D E H
MPH Feet Feet Feet Feet L 1/2 L 1/3 L 50' Feet Feet Feet
25 10 105 55 35 6 6 6 6 50 155 150
11 115 60 40
12 125 65 45
30 10 150 75 50 6 6 6 6 60 200 150
11 165 85 55 7
12 180 90 60 7
35 10 205 105 70 7 6 6 6 70 250 150
11 225 115 75 8
12 245 125 85 8
40 10 270 135 90 8 6 6 6 80 305 150
11 295 150 100 9
12 320 160 110 9
45 10 450 225 150 11 6 6 6 90 360 150
11 495 250 165 12 7
12 540 270 180 13 7
50 10 500 250 170 11 6 6 6 100 425 250
11 550 275 185 12 7
12 600 300 200 13 7
55 10 550 275 185 11 6 6 6 110 495 250
11 605 305 205 12 7
12 660 330 220 13 7

Note: Channelizing devices used in taper shall be equally spaced at 1/2 D Max.

PATA 202 (Old PATA 25)
Work Space On Shoulder

  1. Traffic control devices are not required if the work space is outside the highway right-of-way, behind barrier, more than 2'-0" behind curb, or 15' or more from the edge of the roadway.
  2. For divided highways and one-way highways where it is physically possible, advance warning signs should also be placed on the left-hand side of the roadway.
  3. When a shadow vehicle is not used, distance E is measured from end of taper to beginning of work space

Signs

Sign Spacing Chart

Condition Distance
A B C F
  Feet Feet Feet Feet
Urban 35 MPH or Less 100 100 100 100
Urban Greater than 35MPH 350 350 350 350
Rural 500 500 500 500

When multiple distance plaques are used on advance warning signs, they shall all be of the same series type.

Example: either all "AHEAD" or XXX FEET.

Taper Length Formulas

S L
40MPH or Less L = WS2/60
45MPH or More L = WS

S = regulatory speed limit
W = Width of offset
L = Length

Distance and Spacing Quick Reference Chart

Speed W L 1/2 L 1/3 L Min. Channelizing Devices
Per Taper Type (Length)
D E H
MPH Feet Feet Feet Feet L 1/2 L 1/3 L 50' Feet Feet Feet
25 10 105 55 35 6 6 6 6 50 155 150
11 115 60 40
12 125 65 45
30 10 150 75 50 6 6 6 6 60 200 150
11 165 85 55 7
12 180 90 60 7
35 10 205 105 70 7 6 6 6 70 250 150
11 225 115 75 8
12 245 125 85 8
40 10 270 135 90 8 6 6 6 80 305 150
11 295 150 100 9
12 320 160 110 9
45 10 450 225 150 11 6 6 6 90 360 150
11 495 250 165 12 7
12 540 270 180 13 7
50 10 500 250 170 11 6 6 6 100 425 250
11 550 275 185 12 7
12 600 300 200 13 7
55 10 550 275 185 11 6 6 6 110 495 250
11 605 305 205 12 7
12 660 330 220 13 7

Note: Channelizing devices used in taper shall be equally spaced at 1/2 D Max.

PATA 203 (Old PATA 9a L1)
Work Space In Center Of Roadway

  1. Where traffic is required to use a shoulder, it must be a paved shoulder that is in good condition both during the period it is being used by traffic and also after the work is complete.
  2. When a shadow vehicle is not used, distance E is measured from end of taper to beginning of work space.
  3. A no passing zone shall be established when an existing passing zone is present. A temporary double yellow pavement marking line shall be installed throughout the entire length of the work zone. Place a No Passing Zone (W14-3) sign at the start of the temporary double yellow pavement marking line (Across from the Road Work (W20-1) sign).
  4. Refer to PATA 008 for reverse curve/turn signing.

Signs

Sign Spacing Chart

Condition Distance
A B C F
  Feet Feet Feet Feet
Urban 35 MPH or Less 100 100 100 100
Urban Greater than 35MPH 350 350 350 350
Rural 500 500 500 500

When multiple distance plaques are used on advance warning signs, they shall all be of the same series type.

Example: either all "AHEAD" or XXX FEET.

Taper Length Formulas

S L
40MPH or Less L = WS2/60
45MPH or More L = WS

S = regulatory speed limit
W = Width of offset
L = Length

Distance and Spacing Quick Reference Chart

Speed W L 1/2 L 1/3 L Min. Channelizing Devices
Per Taper Type (Length)
D E H
MPH Feet Feet Feet Feet L 1/2 L 1/3 L 50' Feet Feet Feet
25 10 105 55 35 6 6 6 6 50 155 150
11 115 60 40
12 125 65 45
30 10 150 75 50 6 6 6 6 60 200 150
11 165 85 55 7
12 180 90 60 7
35 10 205 105 70 7 6 6 6 70 250 150
11 225 115 75 8
12 245 125 85 8
40 10 270 135 90 8 6 6 6 80 305 150
11 295 150 100 9
12 320 160 110 9
45 10 450 225 150 11 6 6 6 90 360 150
11 495 250 165 12 7
12 540 270 180 13 7
50 10 500 250 170 11 6 6 6 100 425 250
11 550 275 185 12 7
12 600 300 200 13 7
55 10 550 275 185 11 6 6 6 110 495 250
11 605 305 205 12 7
12 660 330 220 13 7

Note: Channelizing devices used in taper shall be equally spaced at 1/2 D Max.

PATA 204 (Old PATA 9a L2)
Work Space On The Side Of Roadway

  1. Where traffic is required to use a shoulder, it must be a paved shoulder that is in good condition both during the period it is being used by traffic and also after the work is complete.
  2. When a shadow vehicle is not used, distance E is measured from end of taper to beginning of work space.
  3. A no passing zone shall be established when an existing passing zone is present. A temporary double yellow pavement marking line shall be installed throughout the entire length of the work zone. Place a No Passing Zone (W14-3) sign at the start of the temporary double yellow pavement marking line (Across from the Road Work (W20-1) sign).
  4. Refer to PATA 008 for reverse curve/turn signing.

Signs

Sign Spacing Chart

Condition Distance
A B C F
  Feet Feet Feet Feet
Urban 35 MPH or Less 100 100 100 100
Urban Greater than 35MPH 350 350 350 350
Rural 500 500 500 500

When multiple distance plaques are used on advance warning signs, they shall all be of the same series type.

Example: either all "AHEAD" or XXX FEET.

Taper Length Formulas

S L
40MPH or Less L = WS2/60
45MPH or More L = WS

S = regulatory speed limit
W = Width of offset
L = Length

Distance and Spacing Quick Reference Chart

Speed W L 1/2 L 1/3 L Min. Channelizing Devices
Per Taper Type (Length)
D E H
MPH Feet Feet Feet Feet L 1/2 L 1/3 L 50' Feet Feet Feet
25 10 105 55 35 6 6 6 6 50 155 150
11 115 60 40
12 125 65 45
30 10 150 75 50 6 6 6 6 60 200 150
11 165 85 55 7
12 180 90 60 7
35 10 205 105 70 7 6 6 6 70 250 150
11 225 115 75 8
12 245 125 85 8
40 10 270 135 90 8 6 6 6 80 305 150
11 295 150 100 9
12 320 160 110 9
45 10 450 225 150 11 6 6 6 90 360 150
11 495 250 165 12 7
12 540 270 180 13 7
50 10 500 250 170 11 6 6 6 100 425 250
11 550 275 185 12 7
12 600 300 200 13 7
55 10 550 275 185 11 6 6 6 110 495 250
11 605 305 205 12 7
12 660 330 220 13 7

Note: Channelizing devices used in taper shall be equally spaced at 1/2 D Max.

PATA 205 (Old PATA 26c)
Self-Regulating Stop Sign-Controlled Lane Closure

  1. This figure applies when all of the following conditions are satisfied:
    1. Sight distance between the Stop (R1-1) signs is unobstructed.
    2. The ADT is not greater than approximately 1500.
  2. The Stop (R1-1) sign shall be clearly visible to traffic for a minimum distance of E.
  3. Attach red Type B flashing lights on stop signs as shown.
  4. When a shadow vehicle is not used, 50' is measured from end of taper to beginning of work space.
  5. A no passing zone shall be established when an existing passing zone is present. A temporary double yellow pavement marking line shall be installed throughout the entire length of the work zone. Place a No Passing Zone (W14-3) sign at the start of the temporary double yellow pavement marking line (Across from the Road Work (W20-1) sign).
  6. Refer to PATA 008 for reverse curve/turn signing.
  7. Refer to PATA 010 for additional information regarding the temporary portable sign posts for the Stop (R1-1) signs.

Signs

Sign Spacing Chart

Condition Distance
A B C F
  Feet Feet Feet Feet
Urban 35 MPH or Less 100 100 100 100
Urban Greater than 35MPH 350 350 350 350
Rural 500 500 500 500

When multiple distance plaques are used on advance warning signs, they shall all be of the same series type.

Example: either all "AHEAD" or XXX FEET.

Taper Length Formulas

S L
40MPH or Less L = WS2/60
45MPH or More L = WS

S = regulatory speed limit
W = Width of offset
L = Length

Distance and Spacing Quick Reference Chart

Speed W L 1/2 L 1/3 L Min. Channelizing Devices
Per Taper Type (Length)
D E H
MPH Feet Feet Feet Feet L 1/2 L 1/3 L 50' Feet Feet Feet
25 10 105 55 35 6 6 6 6 50 155 150
11 115 60 40
12 125 65 45
30 10 150 75 50 6 6 6 6 60 200 150
11 165 85 55 7
12 180 90 60 7
35 10 205 105 70 7 6 6 6 70 250 150
11 225 115 75 8
12 245 125 85 8
40 10 270 135 90 8 6 6 6 80 305 150
11 295 150 100 9
12 320 160 110 9
45 10 450 225 150 11 6 6 6 90 360 150
11 495 250 165 12 7
12 540 270 180 13 7
50 10 500 250 170 11 6 6 6 100 425 250
11 550 275 185 12 7
12 600 300 200 13 7
55 10 550 275 185 11 6 6 6 110 495 250
11 605 305 205 12 7
12 660 330 220 13 7

Note: Channelizing devices used in taper shall be equally spaced at 1/2 D Max.

PATA 206 (Old PATA 27)
Temporary Roadway

  1. Delineators should be placed along the temporary roadway where needed.
  2. A no passing zone shall be established when an existing passing zone is present. A temporary double yellow pavement marking line shall be installed throughout the entire length of the work zone. Place a No Passing Zone (W14-3) sign at the start of the temporary double yellow pavement marking line (Across from the Road Work (W20-1) sign).
  3. Refer to PATA 008 for reverse curve/turn signing.

Signs

Sign Spacing Chart

Condition Distance
A B C F
  Feet Feet Feet Feet
Urban 35 MPH or Less 100 100 100 100
Urban Greater than 35MPH 350 350 350 350
Rural 500 500 500 500

When multiple distance plaques are used on advance warning signs, they shall all be of the same series type.

Example: either all "AHEAD" or XXX FEET.

Taper Length Formulas

S L
40MPH or Less L = WS2/60
45MPH or More L = WS

S = regulatory speed limit
W = Width of offset
L = Length

Distance and Spacing Quick Reference Chart

Speed W L 1/2 L 1/3 L Min. Channelizing Devices
Per Taper Type (Length)
D E H
MPH Feet Feet Feet Feet L 1/2 L 1/3 L 50' Feet Feet Feet
25 10 105 55 35 6 6 6 6 50 155 150
11 115 60 40
12 125 65 45
30 10 150 75 50 6 6 6 6 60 200 150
11 165 85 55 7
12 180 90 60 7
35 10 205 105 70 7 6 6 6 70 250 150
11 225 115 75 8
12 245 125 85 8
40 10 270 135 90 8 6 6 6 80 305 150
11 295 150 100 9
12 320 160 110 9
45 10 450 225 150 11 6 6 6 90 360 150
11 495 250 165 12 7
12 540 270 180 13 7
50 10 500 250 170 11 6 6 6 100 425 250
11 550 275 185 12 7
12 600 300 200 13 7
55 10 550 275 185 11 6 6 6 110 495 250
11 605 305 205 12 7
12 660 330 220 13 7

Note: Channelizing devices used in taper shall be equally spaced at 1/2 D Max.

PATA 207 (Old PATA 28)
Work Space In The Single-Lane Approach

  1. When a shadow vehicle is not used, distance E is measured from end of taper to beginning of work space.
  2. Refer to PATA 008 for reverse curve/turn signing.
  3. Refer to PATA 012 for arrow panel sizing.

Signs

Sign Spacing Chart

Condition Distance
A B C F
  Feet Feet Feet Feet
Urban 35 MPH or Less 100 100 100 100
Urban Greater than 35MPH 350 350 350 350
Rural 500 500 500 500

When multiple distance plaques are used on advance warning signs, they shall all be of the same series type.

Example: either all "AHEAD" or XXX FEET.

Taper Length Formulas

S L
40MPH or Less L = WS2/60
45MPH or More L = WS

S = regulatory speed limit
W = Width of offset
L = Length

Distance and Spacing Quick Reference Chart

Speed W L 1/2 L 1/3 L Min. Channelizing Devices
Per Taper Type (Length)
D E H
MPH Feet Feet Feet Feet L 1/2 L 1/3 L 50' Feet Feet Feet
25 10 105 55 35 6 6 6 6 50 155 150
11 115 60 40
12 125 65 45
30 10 150 75 50 6 6 6 6 60 200 150
11 165 85 55 7
12 180 90 60 7
35 10 205 105 70 7 6 6 6 70 250 150
11 225 115 75 8
12 245 125 85 8
40 10 270 135 90 8 6 6 6 80 305 150
11 295 150 100 9
12 320 160 110 9
45 10 450 225 150 11 6 6 6 90 360 150
11 495 250 165 12 7
12 540 270 180 13 7
50 10 500 250 170 11 6 6 6 100 425 250
11 550 275 185 12 7
12 600 300 200 13 7
55 10 550 275 185 11 6 6 6 110 495 250
11 605 305 205 12 7
12 660 330 220 13 7

Note: Channelizing devices used in taper shall be equally spaced at 1/2 D Max.

PATA 208 (Old PATA 29)
Single Lane Closure; Traffic Shifted Into Two-Way Left Turn Lane

  1. When a shadow vehicle is not used, distance E is measured from end of taper to beginning of work space.
  2. Refer to PATA 008 for reverse curve/turn signing.

Signs

Sign Spacing Chart

Condition Distance
A B C F
  Feet Feet Feet Feet
Urban 35 MPH or Less 100 100 100 100
Urban Greater than 35MPH 350 350 350 350
Rural 500 500 500 500

When multiple distance plaques are used on advance warning signs, they shall all be of the same series type.

Example: either all "AHEAD" or XXX FEET.

Taper Length Formulas

S L
40MPH or Less L = WS2/60
45MPH or More L = WS

S = regulatory speed limit
W = Width of offset
L = Length

Distance and Spacing Quick Reference Chart

Speed W L 1/2 L 1/3 L Min. Channelizing Devices
Per Taper Type (Length)
D E H
MPH Feet Feet Feet Feet L 1/2 L 1/3 L 50' Feet Feet Feet
25 10 105 55 35 6 6 6 6 50 155 150
11 115 60 40
12 125 65 45
30 10 150 75 50 6 6 6 6 60 200 150
11 165 85 55 7
12 180 90 60 7
35 10 205 105 70 7 6 6 6 70 250 150
11 225 115 75 8
12 245 125 85 8
40 10 270 135 90 8 6 6 6 80 305 150
11 295 150 100 9
12 320 160 110 9
45 10 450 225 150 11 6 6 6 90 360 150
11 495 250 165 12 7
12 540 270 180 13 7
50 10 500 250 170 11 6 6 6 100 425 250
11 550 275 185 12 7
12 600 300 200 13 7
55 10 550 275 185 11 6 6 6 110 495 250
11 605 305 205 12 7
12 660 330 220 13 7

Note: Channelizing devices used in taper shall be equally spaced at 1/2 D Max.

PATA 209 (Old PATA 30)
Work Space In The Two-Way Left Turn Lane

  1. When a shadow vehicle is not used, distance E is measured from end of taper to beginning of work space.

Signs

Sign Spacing Chart

Condition Distance
A B C F
  Feet Feet Feet Feet
Urban 35 MPH or Less 100 100 100 100
Urban Greater than 35MPH 350 350 350 350
Rural 500 500 500 500

When multiple distance plaques are used on advance warning signs, they shall all be of the same series type.

Example: either all "AHEAD" or XXX FEET.

Taper Length Formulas

S L
40MPH or Less L = WS2/60
45MPH or More L = WS

S = regulatory speed limit
W = Width of offset
L = Length

Distance and Spacing Quick Reference Chart

Speed W L 1/2 L 1/3 L Min. Channelizing Devices
Per Taper Type (Length)
D E H
MPH Feet Feet Feet Feet L 1/2 L 1/3 L 50' Feet Feet Feet
25 10 105 55 35 6 6 6 6 50 155 150
11 115 60 40
12 125 65 45
30 10 150 75 50 6 6 6 6 60 200 150
11 165 85 55 7
12 180 90 60 7
35 10 205 105 70 7 6 6 6 70 250 150
11 225 115 75 8
12 245 125 85 8
40 10 270 135 90 8 6 6 6 80 305 150
11 295 150 100 9
12 320 160 110 9
45 10 450 225 150 11 6 6 6 90 360 150
11 495 250 165 12 7
12 540 270 180 13 7
50 10 500 250 170 11 6 6 6 100 425 250
11 550 275 185 12 7
12 600 300 200 13 7
55 10 550 275 185 11 6 6 6 110 495 250
11 605 305 205 12 7
12 660 330 220 13 7

Note: Channelizing devices used in taper shall be equally spaced at 1/2 D Max.

PATA 210 (Old PATA 31)
Work Space In The Left Or Right Lane Of A Two-Lane Approach

  1. For right lane closures, signing is not required on the opposite approach.
  2. For right lane closures, Right Lane Closed (W20-5R) signs shall be used instead of the Left Lane Closed (W20-5L) signs and Right Lane Ends (W4-2R) signs shall be used instead of Left Lane Ends (W4-2L) signs.
  3. For right lane closures, a temporary white edge line will need to be installed.
  4. Placement of two consecutive Lane Closed (W20-5L or W20-5R) signs is required for roadways with a speed limit of 45 MPH or greater and is optional for roadways with a speed limit of 40 MPH or less.
  5. When a shadow vehicle is not used, distance E is measured from end of taper to beginning of work space.
  6. Refer to PATA 012 for arrow panel sizing.

Signs

Sign Spacing Chart

Condition Distance
A B C F
  Feet Feet Feet Feet
Urban 35 MPH or Less 100 100 100 100
Urban Greater than 35MPH 350 350 350 350
Rural 500 500 500 500

When multiple distance plaques are used on advance warning signs, they shall all be of the same series type.

Example: either all "AHEAD" or XXX FEET.

Taper Length Formulas

S L
40MPH or Less L = WS2/60
45MPH or More L = WS

S = regulatory speed limit
W = Width of offset
L = Length

Distance and Spacing Quick Reference Chart

Speed W L 1/2 L 1/3 L Min. Channelizing Devices
Per Taper Type (Length)
D E H
MPH Feet Feet Feet Feet L 1/2 L 1/3 L 50' Feet Feet Feet
25 10 105 55 35 6 6 6 6 50 155 150
11 115 60 40
12 125 65 45
30 10 150 75 50 6 6 6 6 60 200 150
11 165 85 55 7
12 180 90 60 7
35 10 205 105 70 7 6 6 6 70 250 150
11 225 115 75 8
12 245 125 85 8
40 10 270 135 90 8 6 6 6 80 305 150
11 295 150 100 9
12 320 160 110 9
45 10 450 225 150 11 6 6 6 90 360 150
11 495 250 165 12 7
12 540 270 180 13 7
50 10 500 250 170 11 6 6 6 100 425 250
11 550 275 185 12 7
12 600 300 200 13 7
55 10 550 275 185 11 6 6 6 110 495 250
11 605 305 205 12 7
12 660 330 220 13 7

Note: Channelizing devices used in taper shall be equally spaced at 1/2 D Max.

PATA 211 (Old PATA 32)
Work Space Requiring Closure Of One Side Of A Four-Lane Undivided Highway

  1. Placement of two consecutive Lane Closed (W20-5L or W20-5R) signs is required for roadways with a speed limit of 45 MPH or greater and is optional for roadways with a speed limit of 40 MPH or less.
  2. If shadow vehicles are used, use two as shown on the PATA drawing.
  3. When a shadow vehicle is not used, distance E is measured from end of taper to beginning of work space.
  4. Refer to PATA 008 for reverse curve/turn signing.
  5. Refer to PATA 012 for arrow panel sizing.

Signs

Sign Spacing Chart

Condition Distance
A B C F
  Feet Feet Feet Feet
Urban 35 MPH or Less 100 100 100 100
Urban Greater than 35MPH 350 350 350 350
Rural 500 500 500 500

When multiple distance plaques are used on advance warning signs, they shall all be of the same series type.

Example: either all "AHEAD" or XXX FEET.

Taper Length Formulas

S L
40MPH or Less L = WS2/60
45MPH or More L = WS

S = regulatory speed limit
W = Width of offset
L = Length

Distance and Spacing Quick Reference Chart

Speed W L 1/2 L 1/3 L Min. Channelizing Devices
Per Taper Type (Length)
D E H
MPH Feet Feet Feet Feet L 1/2 L 1/3 L 50' Feet Feet Feet
25 10 105 55 35 6 6 6 6 50 155 150
11 115 60 40
12 125 65 45
30 10 150 75 50 6 6 6 6 60 200 150
11 165 85 55 7
12 180 90 60 7
35 10 205 105 70 7 6 6 6 70 250 150
11 225 115 75 8
12 245 125 85 8
40 10 270 135 90 8 6 6 6 80 305 150
11 295 150 100 9
12 320 160 110 9
45 10 450 225 150 11 6 6 6 90 360 150
11 495 250 165 12 7
12 540 270 180 13 7
50 10 500 250 170 11 6 6 6 100 425 250
11 550 275 185 12 7
12 600 300 200 13 7
55 10 550 275 185 11 6 6 6 110 495 250
11 605 305 205 12 7
12 660 330 220 13 7

Note: Channelizing devices used in taper shall be equally spaced at 1/2 D Max.

PATA 212 (Old PATA 33)
Work Space In The Left Or Right Lane

  1. For left lane closures, the Left Lane Closed (W20-5L) sign shall be used instead of the Right Lane Closed (W20-5R) sign and the Left Lane Ends (W4-2L) sign shall be used instead of the Right Lane Ends (W4-2R) sign.
  2. Placement of two consecutive Lane Closed (W20-5L or W20-5R) signs is required for roadways with a speed limit of 45 MPH or greater and is optional for roadways with a speed limit of 40 MPH of less.
  3. When a shadow vehicle is not used, distance E is measured from end of taper to beginning of work space.
  4. Refer to PATA 012 for arrow panel sizing.

Signs

Sign Spacing Chart

Condition Distance
A B C F
  Feet Feet Feet Feet
Urban 35 MPH or Less 100 100 100 100
Urban Greater than 35MPH 350 350 350 350
Rural 500 500 500 500

When multiple distance plaques are used on advance warning signs, they shall all be of the same series type.

Example: either all "AHEAD" or XXX FEET.

Taper Length Formulas

S L
40MPH or Less L = WS2/60
45MPH or More L = WS

S = regulatory speed limit
W = Width of offset
L = Length

Distance and Spacing Quick Reference Chart

Speed W L 1/2 L 1/3 L Min. Channelizing Devices
Per Taper Type (Length)
D E H
MPH Feet Feet Feet Feet L 1/2 L 1/3 L 50' Feet Feet Feet
25 10 105 55 35 6 6 6 6 50 155 150
11 115 60 40
12 125 65 45
30 10 150 75 50 6 6 6 6 60 200 150
11 165 85 55 7
12 180 90 60 7
35 10 205 105 70 7 6 6 6 70 250 150
11 225 115 75 8
12 245 125 85 8
40 10 270 135 90 8 6 6 6 80 305 150
11 295 150 100 9
12 320 160 110 9
45 10 450 225 150 11 6 6 6 90 360 150
11 495 250 165 12 7
12 540 270 180 13 7
50 10 500 250 170 11 6 6 6 100 425 250
11 550 275 185 12 7
12 600 300 200 13 7
55 10 550 275 185 11 6 6 6 110 495 250
11 605 305 205 12 7
12 660 330 220 13 7

Note: Channelizing devices used in taper shall be equally spaced at 1/2 D Max.

PATA 213 (Old PATA 35)
Work Space In Two Adjacent Lanes

  1. If the left two lanes are closed, the Left Two Lanes Closed (W20-5AL) sign shall be used instead of the Right Two Lanes Closed (W20-5AR) sign and the Left Lane Ends (W4-2L) sign shall be used instead of the Right Lane Ends (W4-2R) sign.
  2. Placement of two consecutive Two Lanes Closed (W20-5AL or W20-5AR) signs is required for roadways with a speed limit of 45 MPH or greater and is optional for roadways with a speed limit of 40 MPH of less.
  3. If shadow vehicles are used, use two as shown on the PATA drawing.
  4. When a shadow vehicle is not used, distance E is measured from end of taper to beginning of work space.
  5. Refer to PATA 012 for arrow panel sizing.

Signs

Sign Spacing Chart

Condition Distance
A B C F
  Feet Feet Feet Feet
Urban 35 MPH or Less 100 100 100 100
Urban Greater than 35MPH 350 350 350 350
Rural 500 500 500 500

When multiple distance plaques are used on advance warning signs, they shall all be of the same series type.

Example: either all "AHEAD" or XXX FEET.

Taper Length Formulas

S L
40MPH or Less L = WS2/60
45MPH or More L = WS

S = regulatory speed limit
W = Width of offset
L = Length

Distance and Spacing Quick Reference Chart

Speed W L 1/2 L 1/3 L Min. Channelizing Devices
Per Taper Type (Length)
D E H
MPH Feet Feet Feet Feet L 1/2 L 1/3 L 50' Feet Feet Feet
25 10 105 55 35 6 6 6 6 50 155 150
11 115 60 40
12 125 65 45
30 10 150 75 50 6 6 6 6 60 200 150
11 165 85 55 7
12 180 90 60 7
35 10 205 105 70 7 6 6 6 70 250 150
11 225 115 75 8
12 245 125 85 8
40 10 270 135 90 8 6 6 6 80 305 150
11 295 150 100 9
12 320 160 110 9
45 10 450 225 150 11 6 6 6 90 360 150
11 495 250 165 12 7
12 540 270 180 13 7
50 10 500 250 170 11 6 6 6 100 425 250
11 550 275 185 12 7
12 600 300 200 13 7
55 10 550 275 185 11 6 6 6 110 495 250
11 605 305 205 12 7
12 660 330 220 13 7

Note: Channelizing devices used in taper shall be equally spaced at 1/2 D Max.

PATA 214 (Old PATA 38)
Two-Way Traffic On One Roadway Of A Normally Divided Highway

  1. The maximum length of temporary one-lane operation, excluding transitions, should not exceed approximately 3 miles. Temporary one-lane operations longer than approximately 3 miles shall only be permitted if justified by an engineering analysis of crossover locations, traffic operations, safety, and other related factors.
  2. The alignment of the crossover may be designed as a reverse curve. When the crossover follows a curved alignment, the design criteria contained in Publication 13M (Design Manual Part 2 - Highway Design) should be used.
  3. Placement of two consecutive Lane Closed (W20-5L or W20-5R) signs is required for all roadways with a speed limit of 45 MPH or greater and is optional for roadways with a speed limit of 40 MPH or less.
  4. Refer to PATA 008 for reverse curve/turn signing.
  5. Refer to PATA 012 for arrow panel sizing.
  6. Refer to PATA 507 for use of barrier.

Signs

Sign Spacing Chart

Condition Distance
A B C F
  Feet Feet Feet Feet
Urban 35 MPH or Less 100 100 100 100
Urban Greater than 35MPH 350 350 350 350
Rural 500 500 500 500

When multiple distance plaques are used on advance warning signs, they shall all be of the same series type.

Example: either all "AHEAD" or XXX FEET.

Taper Length Formulas

S L
40MPH or Less L = WS2/60
45MPH or More L = WS

S = regulatory speed limit
W = Width of offset
L = Length

Distance and Spacing Quick Reference Chart

Speed W L 1/2 L 1/3 L Min. Channelizing Devices
Per Taper Type (Length)
D E H
MPH Feet Feet Feet Feet L 1/2 L 1/3 L 50' Feet Feet Feet
25 10 105 55 35 6 6 6 6 50 155 150
11 115 60 40
12 125 65 45
30 10 150 75 50 6 6 6 6 60 200 150
11 165 85 55 7
12 180 90 60 7
35 10 205 105 70 7 6 6 6 70 250 150
11 225 115 75 8
12 245 125 85 8
40 10 270 135 90 8 6 6 6 80 305 150
11 295 150 100 9
12 320 160 110 9
45 10 450 225 150 11 6 6 6 90 360 150
11 495 250 165 12 7
12 540 270 180 13 7
50 10 500 250 170 11 6 6 6 100 425 250
11 550 275 185 12 7
12 600 300 200 13 7
55 10 550 275 185 11 6 6 6 110 495 250
11 605 305 205 12 7
12 660 330 220 13 7

Note: Channelizing devices used in taper shall be equally spaced at 1/2 D Max.

PATA 215 (Old PATA 39a)
Detour Of A Numbered Traffic Route

  1. Regulatory traffic control devices should be modified as needed for the duration of the detour.
  2. If the road is opened for some distance beyond the intersection and/or there are significant origin/destination points beyond the intersection, the Road Closed (R11-3A) and Detour Arrow (M4-10L or M4-10R) signs on the Type III Barricades may be located at the edge of the traveled way.
  3. Unless otherwise specified, all traffic control devices for the detour shall be furnished, erected, modified, maintained, and subsequently removed by the contractor for contract operations or by the permittee for permit operations.
  4. The size of the route marker assemblies shall comply with Publication 236 (Handbook of Approved Signs).
  5. For scheduled or emergency closures of 7 consecutive days or less, PATA 216 may be used.
  6. On multi-lane streets, additional detour signs with Advance Turn Arrow (M5-1L or M5-1R) signs should be posted prior to the detour signs with Turn Arrow (M6-1) signs.
  7. This Street To Be Closed For Maintenance Next Week (W23-101) signs should be installed for scheduled work. Install the signs at most appropriate locations.

Signs

Sign Spacing Chart

Condition Distance
A B C F
  Feet Feet Feet Feet
Urban 35 MPH or Less 100 100 100 100
Urban Greater than 35MPH 350 350 350 350
Rural 500 500 500 500

When multiple distance plaques are used on advance warning signs, they shall all be of the same series type.

Example: either all "AHEAD" or XXX FEET.

Taper Length Formulas

S L
40MPH or Less L = WS2/60
45MPH or More L = WS

S = regulatory speed limit
W = Width of offset
L = Length

Distance and Spacing Quick Reference Chart

Speed W L 1/2 L 1/3 L Min. Channelizing Devices
Per Taper Type (Length)
D E H
MPH Feet Feet Feet Feet L 1/2 L 1/3 L 50' Feet Feet Feet
25 10 105 55 35 6 6 6 6 50 155 150
11 115 60 40
12 125 65 45
30 10 150 75 50 6 6 6 6 60 200 150
11 165 85 55 7
12 180 90 60 7
35 10 205 105 70 7 6 6 6 70 250 150
11 225 115 75 8
12 245 125 85 8
40 10 270 135 90 8 6 6 6 80 305 150
11 295 150 100 9
12 320 160 110 9
45 10 450 225 150 11 6 6 6 90 360 150
11 495 250 165 12 7
12 540 270 180 13 7
50 10 500 250 170 11 6 6 6 100 425 250
11 550 275 185 12 7
12 600 300 200 13 7
55 10 550 275 185 11 6 6 6 110 495 250
11 605 305 205 12 7
12 660 330 220 13 7

Note: Channelizing devices used in taper shall be equally spaced at 1/2 D Max.

PATA 216 (Old PATA 39b)
Detour Of A Quadrant Route (4 Digit State Road)

  1. Regulatory traffic control devices should be modified as needed for the duration of the detour.
  2. If the road is opened for some distance beyond the intersection and/or there are significant origin/ destination points beyond the intersection, the Road Closed (R11-3A) and Detour Arrow (M4-10L or M4-10R) signs on the Type III Barricades may be located at the edge of the traveled way.
  3. Unless otherwise specified, all traffic control devices for the detour shall be furnished, erected, modified, maintained, and subsequently removed by the contractor for contract operations or by the permittee for permit operations.
  4. The size of the route marker assemblies shall comply with Publication 236 (Handbook of Approved Signs).
  5. At locations where there are overlapping detours or several detours within the same area, street names may be added above the Detour (M4-9L or M4-9R) signs, or signs with different colored arrows may be used to designate the different detour routes. The design and application of signs displaying colored arrows shall comply with Publication 236 (Handbook of Approved Signs). On multi-lane streets, additional detour signs with Advance Turn Arrow (M5-1L or M5-1R) signs should be used in advance of a turn.
  6. On multi-lane streets, additional detour signs with Advance Turn Arrow (M5-1L or M5-1R) signs should be used in advance of a turn.
  7. This Street To Be Closed For Maintenance Next Week (W23-101) signs should be installed for scheduled work. Install the signs at most appropriate locations.

Signs

Sign Spacing Chart

Condition Distance
A B C F
  Feet Feet Feet Feet
Urban 35 MPH or Less 100 100 100 100
Urban Greater than 35MPH 350 350 350 350
Rural 500 500 500 500

When multiple distance plaques are used on advance warning signs, they shall all be of the same series type.

Example: either all "AHEAD" or XXX FEET.

Taper Length Formulas

S L
40MPH or Less L = WS2/60
45MPH or More L = WS

S = regulatory speed limit
W = Width of offset
L = Length

Distance and Spacing Quick Reference Chart

Speed W L 1/2 L 1/3 L Min. Channelizing Devices
Per Taper Type (Length)
D E H
MPH Feet Feet Feet Feet L 1/2 L 1/3 L 50' Feet Feet Feet
25 10 105 55 35 6 6 6 6 50 155 150
11 115 60 40
12 125 65 45
30 10 150 75 50 6 6 6 6 60 200 150
11 165 85 55 7
12 180 90 60 7
35 10 205 105 70 7 6 6 6 70 250 150
11 225 115 75 8
12 245 125 85 8
40 10 270 135 90 8 6 6 6 80 305 150
11 295 150 100 9
12 320 160 110 9
45 10 450 225 150 11 6 6 6 90 360 150
11 495 250 165 12 7
12 540 270 180 13 7
50 10 500 250 170 11 6 6 6 100 425 250
11 550 275 185 12 7
12 600 300 200 13 7
55 10 550 275 185 11 6 6 6 110 495 250
11 605 305 205 12 7
12 660 330 220 13 7

Note: Channelizing devices used in taper shall be equally spaced at 1/2 D Max.

PATA 217 (Old PATA 40)
Sidewalk Closure; Pedestrian Detour

  1. When crosswalks or other pedestrian facilities are closed or relocated, temporary facilities shall be detectable and shall include accessibility features consistent with the features present in the existing pedestrian facility.
  2. Only the temporary traffic control devices related to pedestrians are shown. Other devices may be used to control vehicular traffic.

Signs

Sign Spacing Chart

Condition Distance
A B C F
  Feet Feet Feet Feet
Urban 35 MPH or Less 100 100 100 100
Urban Greater than 35MPH 350 350 350 350
Rural 500 500 500 500

When multiple distance plaques are used on advance warning signs, they shall all be of the same series type.

Example: either all "AHEAD" or XXX FEET.

Taper Length Formulas

S L
40MPH or Less L = WS2/60
45MPH or More L = WS

S = regulatory speed limit
W = Width of offset
L = Length

Distance and Spacing Quick Reference Chart

Speed W L 1/2 L 1/3 L Min. Channelizing Devices
Per Taper Type (Length)
D E H
MPH Feet Feet Feet Feet L 1/2 L 1/3 L 50' Feet Feet Feet
25 10 105 55 35 6 6 6 6 50 155 150
11 115 60 40
12 125 65 45
30 10 150 75 50 6 6 6 6 60 200 150
11 165 85 55 7
12 180 90 60 7
35 10 205 105 70 7 6 6 6 70 250 150
11 225 115 75 8
12 245 125 85 8
40 10 270 135 90 8 6 6 6 80 305 150
11 295 150 100 9
12 320 160 110 9
45 10 450 225 150 11 6 6 6 90 360 150
11 495 250 165 12 7
12 540 270 180 13 7
50 10 500 250 170 11 6 6 6 100 425 250
11 550 275 185 12 7
12 600 300 200 13 7
55 10 550 275 185 11 6 6 6 110 495 250
11 605 305 205 12 7
12 660 330 220 13 7

Note: Channelizing devices used in taper shall be equally spaced at 1/2 D Max.

PATA 218 (Old PATA 40)
Sidewalk Closure; Pedestrian Diversion

  1. When crosswalks or other pedestrian facilities are closed or relocated, temporary facilities shall be detectable and shall include accessibility features consistent with the features present in the existing pedestrian facility.
  2. Use channelizing devices to separate and maintain temporary pedestrian walkway while sidewalk is closed. Where high speeds are anticipated, a temporary traffic barrier with appropriate end treatments should be used to separate the temporary walkways from vehicular traffic.
  3. Only the temporary traffic control devices related to pedestrians are shown. Other devices may be used to control vehicular traffic.
  4. When it is not possible to maintain a minimum width of 60" throughout the entire length of the pedestrian pathway, a 60"x60" passing space should be provided at least every 200' to allow individuals in wheelchairs to pass. A minimum 48" wide accessible path shall be maintained for the length of sidewalk diversion.

Signs

Sign Spacing Chart

Condition Distance
A B C F
  Feet Feet Feet Feet
Urban 35 MPH or Less 100 100 100 100
Urban Greater than 35MPH 350 350 350 350
Rural 500 500 500 500

When multiple distance plaques are used on advance warning signs, they shall all be of the same series type.

Example: either all "AHEAD" or XXX FEET.

Taper Length Formulas

S L
40MPH or Less L = WS2/60
45MPH or More L = WS

S = regulatory speed limit
W = Width of offset
L = Length

Distance and Spacing Quick Reference Chart

Speed W L 1/2 L 1/3 L Min. Channelizing Devices
Per Taper Type (Length)
D E H
MPH Feet Feet Feet Feet L 1/2 L 1/3 L 50' Feet Feet Feet
25 10 105 55 35 6 6 6 6 50 155 150
11 115 60 40
12 125 65 45
30 10 150 75 50 6 6 6 6 60 200 150
11 165 85 55 7
12 180 90 60 7
35 10 205 105 70 7 6 6 6 70 250 150
11 225 115 75 8
12 245 125 85 8
40 10 270 135 90 8 6 6 6 80 305 150
11 295 150 100 9
12 320 160 110 9
45 10 450 225 150 11 6 6 6 90 360 150
11 495 250 165 12 7
12 540 270 180 13 7
50 10 500 250 170 11 6 6 6 100 425 250
11 550 275 185 12 7
12 600 300 200 13 7
55 10 550 275 185 11 6 6 6 110 495 250
11 605 305 205 12 7
12 660 330 220 13 7

Note: Channelizing devices used in taper shall be equally spaced at 1/2 D Max.

PATA 219 (Old PATA 41)
Sidewalk and Crosswalk Closure; Pedestrian Detour

  1. When crosswalks or other pedestrian facilities are closed or relocated and there is not an alternate marked crossing within 300', an engineering and traffic study is required to determine the appropriate location of a temporary pedestrian crossing. PennDOT approval shall be obtained prior to installing a midblock crosswalk. Every temporary crossing shall be detectable and include accessibility features (curb ramps, landing areas, etc.) consistent with the features present in the existing pedestrian facility.
  2. Parking is not permitted within 75' of a midblock crosswalk, unless a 6' to 8' curb extension is in place to improve pedestrian visibility.
  3. Pedestrian traffic signal displays controlling closed crosswalks shall be covered and deactivated.
  4. Only temporary traffic control devices related to pedestrians are shown. Other devices may be used to control vehicular traffic.
  5. The width of the existing pedestrian facility should be provided for the temporary facility if practical. Traffic control devices and other construction materials and features should not intrude into the usable width of the sidewalk, temporary pathway or other pedestrian facility. When it is not possible to maintain a minimum width of 60" throughout the entire length of the pedestrian pathway, a 60"x60" passing space should be provided at least every 200' to allow individuals in wheelchairs to pass.
  6. Any channelizing devices approved for long term operations may be used for closing the sidewalk.

Signs

Sign Spacing Chart

Condition Distance
A B C F
  Feet Feet Feet Feet
Urban 35 MPH or Less 100 100 100 100
Urban Greater than 35MPH 350 350 350 350
Rural 500 500 500 500

When multiple distance plaques are used on advance warning signs, they shall all be of the same series type.

Example: either all "AHEAD" or XXX FEET.

Taper Length Formulas

S L
40MPH or Less L = WS2/60
45MPH or More L = WS

S = regulatory speed limit
W = Width of offset
L = Length

Distance and Spacing Quick Reference Chart

Speed W L 1/2 L 1/3 L Min. Channelizing Devices
Per Taper Type (Length)
D E H
MPH Feet Feet Feet Feet L 1/2 L 1/3 L 50' Feet Feet Feet
25 10 105 55 35 6 6 6 6 50 155 150
11 115 60 40
12 125 65 45
30 10 150 75 50 6 6 6 6 60 200 150
11 165 85 55 7
12 180 90 60 7
35 10 205 105 70 7 6 6 6 70 250 150
11 225 115 75 8
12 245 125 85 8
40 10 270 135 90 8 6 6 6 80 305 150
11 295 150 100 9
12 320 160 110 9
45 10 450 225 150 11 6 6 6 90 360 150
11 495 250 165 12 7
12 540 270 180 13 7
50 10 500 250 170 11 6 6 6 100 425 250
11 550 275 185 12 7
12 600 300 200 13 7
55 10 550 275 185 11 6 6 6 110 495 250
11 605 305 205 12 7
12 660 330 220 13 7

Note: Channelizing devices used in taper shall be equally spaced at 1/2 D Max.